Zanzibar Island is the main island in the Tanzanian archipelago of Zanzibar. Stone Town, part of Zanzibar City, is an old trade center, with mosques and winding lanes.
Stone Town, a part of City, is an old trade center, with mosques and winding lanes.
The 1883 House of Wonders may be a former sultan’s palace with a tower. The Old Fort now houses a cultural center and a stone amphitheater. Underground aqueducts fed predicament to the late-19th-century Hamamni Persian Baths
maybe a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania. it’s composed of the Zanzibar Archipelago within the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometers (16–31 mi) off the coast of the mainland, and consists of the many small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, mentioned informally as Zanzibar) and Pemba Island.
The capital is City, located on the island of Unguja. Its historic center is Stone Town, which may be a World Heritage Site.
The presence of microliths suggests that has been home to humans for a minimum of 20,000 years, which was the start of the Later Stone Age.
A Greco-Roman text between the first and 3rd centuries, the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, mentioned the island of Menuthias (Ancient Greek: Μενουθιάς), which is perhaps Unguja.
Zanzibar is just like the nearby coast, was settled by Bantu-speakers at the outset of the primary millennium. Archaeological finds at Fukuchani, on the north-west coast, indicate a settled agricultural and fishing community from the 6th century CE at the newest.
The considerable amount of daub found indicates timber buildings, and shell beads, bead grinders, and iron slag are found at the location.
There is evidence for a limited engagement in long-distance trade: a little amount of imported pottery has been found, but 1% of total pottery finds, mostly from the Gulf, and dated to the 5th to 8th century.
The similarity to contemporary sites like Mkokotoni and Dar es Salaam indicates a unified group of communities that developed into the primary center of coastal maritime culture. The coastal towns appear to possess been engaged within the Indian Ocean and inland African trade at this early period.
Trade rapidly increased in importance and quantity beginning within the mid-8th century and by the close of the 10th century, was one among the central Swahili trading towns.
The main industries are spices, raffia, and tourism.
especially, the islands produce cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper.
For this reason, the Zanzibar Archipelago, alongside Tanzania’s Mafia Island, is sometimes mentioned locally because of the “Spice Islands” (a term borrowed from the Maluku Islands of Indonesia).
Zanzibar is that the home of the endemic red colobus, the servaline genet, and therefore the extinct or rare leopard.