Safari in Tanzania is the northern circuit that takes in Lake Manyara, Tarangire, the Serengeti, and the Ngorongoro Crater. Safari in Tanzania you’ll visit Lake Manyara park documented for the tree-climbing lions, Safari in Tanzania the sodium carbonate lake, its flamingos.
Safari in Tanzania
Safari in Tanzania in Lake Manyara park has located 126 km (78 mi) southwest of Arusha and may be reached by car in an hour and a half. The park also can be reached from Babati the capital of the Manyara Region. Lake Manyara Airport is nearby.
To the south, situated on the escarpment above the park, is the 35,399 ha Marang Forest Reserve. To the east are the Kwa Kuchinja Wildlife Migration corridor, which allows wildlife to migrate between the near-by Tarangire park to the southeast, Lake Manyara to the west, and therefore the Engaruka Basin to the north. Within the Kwa, Kuchinja corridor is several villages.
beyond the lake and out of doors of village land is that the 45,000-acre Manyara Ranch, a former livestock ranch, managed by the Tanzania Land Conservation Trust since 2001 and a crucial part of the corridor allowing wildlife movement between Tarangire and Lake Manyara national parks.
Tour lake Manyara Park is a component of the Lake Manyara Biosphere Reserve. Lake Manyara, including the areas within and out of doors the park, alongside the Marang Forest Reserve on the adjacent uplands are included within the Lake Manyara Important Bird Area.
Safari in Tanzania – Fauna, and flora
The flora of Lake Manyara Park is diverse, with over 670 angiosperm and fern species documented. Most are widespread species; there are few rare or endemic species.
The park features a sort of diverse habitats. Rivers flowing off the escarpment and perennial springs below the rift wall support tall, evergreen groundwater forests dominated by Trichilia Roka with Broad-Leaved Croton (Croton macrostachyus), sycamore (Ficus sycomorus), quinine tree (Rauvolfia caffra), and forest toad-tree (Tabernaemontana ventricosa).
Trees are densest in gorges, along the sting of streams, and in areas where springs emerge. Growing at the sting of the groundwater forest are dense stands of yellow jack trees (Acacia xanthophloea) and therefore the palm Phoenix reclinata.
A fever acacia in Lake Manyara park
Woodlands on the western shore of the lake dominated by Acacia and Commiphora species also are supported by groundwater. Trees are spaced irregularly; densest in zones of seepage and along drainage channels. The dominant tree, Acacia tortilis, grows to about 10m tall with a flat-topped canopy. there’s a patchy and diverse understory shrub layer.
Extensive swamps have formed where the Simba River and its tributaries flow into the north end of Lake Manyara and smaller swamps have formed elsewhere, related to the minor rivers flowing off the walls of the valley.
A number of aquatic species are documented, including two species of an aquatic plants (Nymphaea caerulea and N.lotus) and extensive mats of pistia (Pistia stratiotes). Cattails (Typha sp.) forms pure stands within the northern swamps and various Cyperus species are found around the edges of the swamps.
Cyperus immensus forms dense clumps in areas with flooding by freshwater. Cyperus laevigatus is prominent along the lakeshore in areas where the alkaline water level is high, in areas of shallow lagoons enclosed behind sand ridges and flanking river deltas.
Grasslands are dominated by Bermuda grass in dry locations, or by Sporobolus spicatus, often in association with Sporobolus consimilis on the alkaline lake flats. Sporobolus spicatus is dominant on the exposed lakebed and may be very extensive during low lake levels, becoming restricted to a narrow zone above the high water make when lake levels are high.
There are extensive areas of Psilolemma jaegeri grasslands outside the park, along the eastern shore of the lake. Vegetation on the escarpment is characterized by Ruellia megachlamys and African baobab trees (Adansonia digitata).
Populations of huge migratory mammals that are concentrated primarily in Tarangire Park, but also move through Lake Manyara park include wildebeest, zebra, Thomson’s gazelle, and Grant’s gazelle. Large herds of wildebeest and other plains game from the Mto wa Mbu Game Controlled Area enter the park from the north for brief periods.
Wildebeest exclusively graze the alkaline grasslands around the lake, and numbers are highest during the season, dropping to small resident populations within the wet season. Herbivores of Lake Manyara park include zebra, bushbuck, waterbuck, Grant’s gazelle, impala, Thomson’s gazelle, Cape buffalo, giraffe, hippopotamus, baboon, warthog, and elephant.
Studies within the 1980s found this to be one among the areas with the very best wildlife biomass in Africa, but elephant numbers had fallen by 75% between 1985 and 1991 as a result of illegal hunting, with numbers rebounding to around 200 in 1996. Lake Manyara was also once known for its high population of Diceros bicornis, but none were present by 1996. Similarly, reedbuck were present in 1984, but no individuals were found during a 1996 census.
Predators of Lake Manyara park include lion, leopard, African wild cat, laughing hyena, black-backed jackal, bat-eared fox, serval, ratel, African civet, genet (Genetta) species, and a number of other mongoose species. Cheetah and African golden cats are sighted occasionally.