Memorable Lake Manyara – 7th largest lake – Tree Climb Lion
Lake Manyara has a surface area of 470 square kilometers, ranking it as the seventh-largest lake in Tanzania. There is a shallow, alkaline lake in the Natron-Manyara-Balangida branch of the East African Rift in Tanzania’s Manyara Region.
Lake Manyara (about 200 sq, km.) is included within Lake Manyara park and it’s a part of the Biosphere Reserve, established in 1981 by UNESCO as a part of its Man and therefore the Biosphere Programme.
There are differing explanations for a way that got its name. The name Manyara comes from the Maasai word emanyara, which is that the spiky, protective enclosure around a family homestead (boma). Possibly the 600 m high rift escarpment hems within the lake, just like the enclosure around a Maasai boma.
Another theory is that the Mbugwe tribe, who sleep in the area, may have given the lake its name supported the Mbugwe word manyero, meaning a trough or place where animals drink water
The lake is during a closed basin with no outflow. it’s fed by underground springs and by several permanent streams and rivers that drain the encompassing Ngorongoro Highlands, but the overwhelming majority of the inflow (over 99%) comes from rainfall
. The lake’s depth and therefore the area it covers fluctuates significantly. At its maximum, during the wet season, the lake is 40 km wide by 15 km with a maximum depth of three .7 m. In 2010, a bathymetry survey showed the lake to possess a mean depth of 0.81 m, and a maximum depth of about 1.18 m.
In extreme dry periods, the area of the lake shrinks because the waters evaporate and sometimes the lake has dried up completely. Lake has a soda or alkaline lake with a pH near 9.5, and it’s also high in dissolved salts.
The water becomes increasingly brackish within the season as water evaporates and salts accumulate. During dry spells, large areas of mudflats become exposed along the shore. These alkaline flats sprout into grasslands, attracting grazing animals, including large herds of buffalo, wildebeest, and zebra.
The main fish species inhabiting the lake are catfish and tilapia. there’s a little fishery, but fish only tend to be found near the inflow areas, where salt concentrations are lower.
Park is that the type locality for the endangered fish Oreochromis amphimelas, a species within the cichlid family, endemic to Tanzania, found in Lake Manyara and a variety of other saline lakes with closed basins. Exploitation is prohibited within the parts of Lake Manyara within the park and therefore the protected park areas provide important stores for the replenishment of fished populations.
Park is understood for flocks of thousands of flamingos that feed along the sting of the lake within the wet season. At times, there are over an estimated 2 million individuals of varied species of water birds. the subsequent table summarizes the foremost numerous species, consistent with the Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Manyara
Visiting Lake Manyara
Park is often accessed through Lake Manyara park. With an entrance gate that doubles as an exit, the trail into the park is effectively a loop that will be traversed by a jeep within a couple of hours.
the paths go through forests shrublands and marsh, before reaching the shore of the lake. The valley escarpment provides a spectacular backdrop.
From the nearby town of Mto wa Mbu, through the Cultural Tourism Programme, it’s possible to arrange a canoe trip on the lake or a fishing trip to find out traditional fishing methods. Bicycle trips to the east shore of the lake also can be arraigned